Those who like the extremes may definitely fall for extreme travel; visiting the North and South poles is thus a wonderful opportunity to test your endurance and to collect invaluable experiences in the wilderness. Visiting the Arctic may become the best adventure in your life, but getting there unprepared may become a serious trial of your physical and emotional resources. So get prepared for this carefully – our collection of interesting facts about the Arctic will help you!
The Arctic is defined differently by different people; while scholars claim the Arctic to be the territory located beyond the Arctic Circle, while the factual territories of the Arctic include the Arctic Ocean and northern parts of Canada, Russia, the USA, Sweden, Finland, and Iceland’s island of Grimsey, as well as the island of Greenland.
Since the Arctic is the northern pole of Earth, there are some days of total darkness and constant sunshine, so the boundaries of day and night become blurred.
The Arctic is the home to narwhal – the most fascinating creature in the world very similar to a mythological Capricorn.
The role of the Arctic is immense for the Earth; it serves as protector of climatic stability for the planet, and also contains a strategically important reserve of fresh water.
The Arctic is in the focus of intense academic research because only there, physical and biological environments’ operation under extremely low temperatures.
The Arctic territories are inhabited with some unique representatives of wildlife unique for this territory and never found in any other place. If you want to see a polar bear, a walrus, or a musk ox with your own eyes, only a polar expedition to the Arctic may provide you such a unique chance.
The Arctic acquired its name from the Greek word Arktos, which means “near the bear”. But interestingly, the name is not associated with polar bears at all! The name is associated with two constellations with similar names, more info about wildlife and history here).
The Arctic is not as cold as Antarctica; here, the temperatures reach maximum -68 degrees Celsius, while in Antarctica, temperatures as low as -89 degrees were recorded.
Though the Arctic hosts only a small number of inhabitants, its territory is more than that of Europe.
This territory is falsely considered a barren land; counter to this popular belief, there are some areas on which small shrubs, mosses, and lichens are found.
Overall, the Arctic is a fascinating place to discover unique nature and wildlife; polar bears are fascinating creatures a meeting with which you will never forget. In addition, a casual meeting with wolverines, squirrels, seals, and a number of exquisite birds is not a rarity here. Moreover, an acquaintance with Indigenous people who have been living here for centuries, in the harsh wilderness and eternal winter, may be a memorable event. Polar expeditions are popular among risky and daring tourists nowadays, so select your own destination for the trip full of marvelous discoveries.